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精华学术!雅思口语part1姓名类话题!

时间:2015-11-27 17:12:33来源:中国甘肃在线编辑:薛应霞点击:

   雅思口语part1姓名类话题是雅思口语中必考的话题之一。所以考生们需要对其深入了解。即使在雅思口语备考的过程中,考生基本上都会接触这类话题,但总是会因为其比较简单而忽视,从而导致口语考试开场便失利。因此今天小编为大家带来比较全面的话题内容分析,希望大家能够关注。

  首先,来看看姓名类话题一般都涉及哪些问题?

  Names

  > Do you like your name?

  > Who give you your name?

  > What names are most common in your hometown?

  > Do you have any special traditions about naming children?

  ……

  对于这类问题看起来其实都是比较简单的,最重要的是思路如何展开:

  首先,当问到你的名字或谁为你取得名字时,可以先介绍自己的名字;然后介绍你名字的特点以及所赋予的意义(起名字的人对你的期望和美好的憧憬);第三步可以介绍名字对你个人的特别意义和重要性(因为一般会问到是否会改名字或者是否想过改名字等问题),但是一定要赘述啰嗦尽量直奔主题,可以说说你为什么喜欢你的名字,有什么特别的价值和情感色彩,以及对你的影响等等,理由可以很具体。如果还有时间,最后可以介绍一下在你的家乡起名字的风俗和传统特点,有时候考官也会问到。

  而在此类话题中大家要明白一些常用的问题表达,看起来是不同的问题其实目的都是相同的,自然考官想要的答案也是一样的:

  1. What is your full name?

  What’s your name?

  How should I address you?

  How should I call you?

  2. Who gave you your name?

  Who gave this name to you ?

  Does your name have any particular meaning?

  3. Do you like your name?

  Would you like to change your name?

  Have you ever changed any name before?

  Do you want to change your name before?

  4. In your country, do people feel that their name is very important?

  Who usually names babies in your country?

  Do you have any special traditions about naming children in your hometown?

  下面根据具体的问题及答案来系统的看一下整个话题:

  1. What is your full name? How should I address you?

  My full name is XXX. And my English name is Jennie. You can call me Jennie.

  提示:回答姓名虽然是很简单的问题,但是考生要通过简单的扩展展现出自己与小学生英文水平的不同。很多人把全名full(短音)name念成傻瓜名字fool(长音)name而贻笑大方。在这里考生没有必要大做文章,只要讲清楚姓名就可以。同时因为大多数考官不太会念中文名字,所以最好给出英文名字。

  2. Does your name have any special meaning or significance?

  Yes, it does have a special meaning. Literally it means to travel as far as beyond the stars.

  Strategy:在这里可以运用一点点小的技巧。为了从众多考生中脱颖而出,我们可以在准备充分的基础上加上一点点新意。充分发挥想象力,比如说:我们就可以讲这个姓名是算命先生给的,并且有了这个名字就可以嫁个老公:What's more, this name was given by a fortune-teller and he said with this name I would marry a great guy.

  提示:其实不知道自己姓名的意思也没关系。只要坦诚的告诉考官就可以。但是不可以简单的说“I don't know”,而应该做合理的猜测以展现自己出自己流利的英文表达。但是在猜测的时候,考生可以充分的发挥想象力,没有必要长篇大论。如:I don't really know. It is given by my grandfather. I guess it means to travel as far as beyond the starts, because he also wanted me to become a great and successful person.

  3. Have you ever changed your name? Why or why not?

  No, I haven't. I'm very happy about my Chinese name. And I guess I am never going to change it.

  Well, yes. The previous name I had just sounds so silly. It is even close to the Chinese word for “baboon”. So in order to avoid continuing embarrassing myself, I changed it. And now I'm happy about my current name.

  Notes:这道题通常是为下面的题目作铺垫。有两种答题的方向,考生可以自己做出选择。

  Do Chinese people like changing their names? Why or why not?

  In my personal opinion, generally Chinese people don't like changing their names, because to most people names are just symbols, though some people do believe names can affect the course of their life. In that case, if they are not content with who they are or what they have, they may change their names.

  What kind of people like changing their names?

  Well, generally Chinese people don't like changing their names. But if they do, they must believe names are important to them, more than just symbols, or somehow carries a significant meaning to them. Among them, of course, some people are just superstitious.

  名字对大多数中国人来说确实只是一个符号。但是如果名字对一个人有特别的含义则有可能促使人改名字。

  4. What's their purpose in changing their names?

  It is hard to say. But as far as I know there are two major purposes. Number one, people change their names to make their names sound better. Number two, they change their names in order to change their destiny, because they believe names can affect the course of their life, no matter it is superstitious belief or just a willful thought.

  Well, this is a big question. As far as I know, I don't think Chinese people like to change their names often. Because most people believe names are just symbols. They don't change anything. And destiny is in their own hands to make.

  Notes:该题目与前一道题目形成对比,前一道题目是个人的行为,本题目涉及的是群体的行为。姓名的改变通常由于以下一些原因:1、声音不好听或拗口2、与其他词(通常不是好词)谐音3、迷信,认为改变姓名可以改变运道等。

  5. In your culture, do women change their names when they get married?

  I know it is quite common for women to take on their spouse's family name in other cultures. But in my culture, that is not the case—women often keep their maiden name even after getting married. But the children will follow the father's surname.

  Notes:女子出嫁后而不随夫姓,这是中国很普遍的现象。而国外却大多与此相反。考生可以采取中外对比的方式回答问题。

  从这些问题我们可以总结如下:在回答第一部分的问题时,考生不要只给考官一个“YES”或“NO”的答案,或是采用“点头摇头术”的交流方式。考生只有在连续用英语回答的前提下才能使雅思考官对其英语的驾驭能力进行评估、打分。所以在雅思口语考试的环节中,“Somethingis better than nothing!”是永恒的王道。


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